North India vs South India

Though we are all Indians (Original Indians, not Indians of Christopher Columbus), how Indian Indians are we?

For a foreigner. it’s confusing.

Some say that Indians successfully kicked out the colonisers, but Red Indians were not that lucky and people are aware that they underwent genocide.

Ok. Enough of history.

What about Indians from India?

Since all of them are from India, are things similar in every nook and corner of the country?

We know that the country is diverse.

There is diversity in

  • Culture
  • Architecture
  • Clothing
  • Food
  • Religion
  • Customs
  • Traditions
  • Languages
  • Art forms
  • Festivals
  • Music and Cinema?

What makes India unique and united?

I suppose that our constitution keeps us united.

The fact that our constitution accords all religions with equal authority is the best thing.

Although Hindus predominate, our nation has no official religion.

What about my topic today?

If we were to discuss the specific disparities in the numerous areas I’ve already highlighted, it would take a very long time.

I’ll limit my discussion to North and South Indian Hindu temples, regarding their external appearances.

Temple architecture of high standard was developed in ancient India.

But these temples suffered silently under occupation.

It’s also worth knowing how many great Hindu temples were destroyed. Many of these ancient wonders are in ruined status.

I always wonder how Hindus survived persecution

These two links will help you to understand better.

You must have the patience to go through what I have written.

South Indian Hindu Temples

Size and Height (tower)

South Indian temples have towers that resemble pyramids, whilst towers in North India are more like mountain peaks.


The important difference between the north and south Indian temples is the size of the temple complex and also the height of the gateway tower.

Srirangam Temple in South India occupies an area of  156 acres (631,000m²). North Indian temples are just a fraction of the magnitude of their counterparts.

The temple tower (Known as Gopuram or the rising tower which are tower gateways) is much taller than its counterparts in North India, reaching a height of 73 meters (240 feet) almost 13 tiers.


These gateway towers are ornated with colourful figurines which are absent in North Indian temple towers.

They are exquisitely decorated with sculptures and carvings and painted with a variety of themes from Hindu Mythology concerning the presiding deity.


Water tank 

South Indian temples are further distinguished by the presence of water tanks and other shrines within the temple complex.


Major temple water tanks can hold up to 2 million litres.

The tank water is used for ritual cleansing and during rites of consecration.

North Indian Hindu Temples

They are simple in appearance.

We don’t see many decorations in the form of colourful figurines

As said earlier the main tower peaks like a mountain. It’s called Sikhara (tall spire).

The tower is much shorter compared to that of South Indian counterparts.

Temple tanks are rare in North Indian Temples.

SIKHARA is constructed over the gharbhagriha chamber (where the presiding deity is enshrined).

In South Indian Temple, the tower is a separate structure and away from the main deity.

The tower covering the main deity is known by the name VIMANA.

(Gopuram is the tower over the main entrance and vimana is the tower over the Sanctum sanctorum)






“Dear God, Today I woke up.

I am healthy. I am alive.

Thank you I apologize for all my complaining.

I’m truly grateful for all you’ve done.” Unknown

Thank you for your visit.

Take care, my friend.

Namaste 🙏🙏🙏

Mr Philo

You can check my other similar posts HERE

Image by © PTP-2022 All Rights Reserved

This post is part of Amy’s LAPC #236 East meets West or North meets South


41 thoughts on “North India vs South India

  1. Great post Philo! I enjoyed your images and the education. It is amazing that there is such a great difference between north and south Temples. Each are equally beautiful. This leads me to wonder what they are like inside. Namaste!

    Liked by 2 people

  2. A remarkable entry, Philo! It great to know that with the diversity of culture, food, architecture, art forms… India is united! I enjoy learning the architecture of these two temples of South and North of India through your beautiful photos and well written informaiton. I, too am educated. Thank you so much!

    Liked by 2 people

  3. Wow! I loved the information to take away. Thank you. And, while I am impressed by the brilliant colors of the South, the detail is phenomenal. What a difference from the more simplistic temples in the North. A great idea for the prompt and always nice to learn something new culturally.

    PS Thank you for the prayer, so I could also be forgiven for my recent complaining. Always a nice reminder to be grateful.

    Liked by 2 people

  4. Great article. I didn’t know temples were destroyed. Do you mean by the Mughals or by the British – perhaps both?

    For the longest time I have wanted to see Dravidian temples and be on the streets in the South.

    Liked by 2 people

  5. Fascinating, PtP! I remember seeing the tower like structures in parts of Nepal and there was on in Patan? i think that had a water bathing area?
    The southern Indian forms I saw somethign similar in Singapore.

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Yes.
      Patan too has temple towers
      It has a water bathing area too.
      You are right. Singapore has Hindu temples with similar architecture.
      The majority of Hindus are from Tamilnadu, which is in South India.
      Hence these South Indian towers (Gopuram) are common in Singapore.
      Thank you Amanda.

      Liked by 1 person

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